March 30, 2017

A National Affliction Wreaks Havoc

A National Affliction Wreaks Havoc

According to the latest World Health Organization Study, more than 5 crore Indians suffered from depression in 2015. WHO has indicated that declining mental health has been a major cause for global suicides particularly in low and middle-income countries. As per the new global estimates of W.H.O. while 5 crore people suffered depression in India in 2015, over 3 crore dealt with anxiety disorders.

All these findings were published in a W.H.O. report titled, ‘Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders – Global Health Estimates.’ It also points out that over 2-3 thirds of the total number of suicides globally occur in low and middle income countries. As far as global numbers are concerned, more than 322 million people suffer depression globally.

Depression is a brain disorder that severely impacts moods and daily life. Sleep changes, appetite loss, extreme mood swings are some of its common symptoms. It can often lead to serious hopelessness or anger. According to science, a lot of this also has to do with certain chemicals the brain releases when stressed or anxious.

The study highlights the fact that depression has risen by nearly 20 per cent between 2005 and 2015. The total cases for depressive disorders last year were 5,66,75,969 which was approximately five per cent of population while total cases of anxiety disorders were 3,84,250,93 which was three per cent of the population in the same time period. For depressive disorders, WHO said total Years lived with Disability (YLD) in India was 1,00,504,11 which was 7.1 per cent of total YLD, for anxiety disorders, total years for YLD was 35,19,527 which was 2.5 per cent of total YLD.

Unfortunately, suicide was the second leading cause of death among those between 15-29 years globally in 2015. The suicide rate varies by WHO Region and by gender, ranging from below 5 per 100,000 population among females in low- and middle-income countries of the Eastern Mediterranean and America to 20 or more among males in high-income countries and also in  low- and middle-income countries of the Africa, Europe and South-East Asia.

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